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Turabian Citation Style Guide 9th Edition: G. No Author

About Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, the general form and specific examples will be provided for the Notes-Bibliography style options of Turabian.

This information and several of the examples were drawn from A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (9th Edition). Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

For further information, please ask your instructor or refer to the Turabian manual.

No Author

The general format below refers to a publication in which the author is unknown or uncertain (17.1.1.5).  If the author's name is not officially listed on the book but can be guessed at, include inside of brackets the assumed author name with a question mark to indicate uncertainty [Edgar Allan Poe?].  If Anonymous is used, begin the note or bibliography entry with the title of the document.

 

General Format

 

Footnote:
 
Superscript Note Number [Name of Assumed Author?], Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #(s).

 

or
 
Superscript Note Number Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #(s).
 
Bibliographic Entry:
 
[Name of Assumed Author?]. Book Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

 

or

 
Book Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

 

 

Examples

 

Footnote:

 

22 [James Hawkes?], A Retrospect of the Boston Tea-Party, with a Memoir of George R.T. Hewes, by a Citizen of New-York (New-York, 1834), 128-29.
 
or
 
22 A True and Sincere Declaration of the Purpose and Ends of the Plantation Begun in Virginia, of the Degrees Which It Hath Received, and Means by Which It Hath Been Advanced (London, 1610), 17.
 
 
Bibliographic Entry:

 

[Hawkes, James?], A Retrospect of the Boston Tea-Party, with a Memoir of George R.T. Hewes. By a Citizen of New-York. New-York, 1834.
 
or
 
A True and Sincere Declaration of the Purpose and Ends of the Plantation Begun in Virginia, of the Degrees Which It Hath Received, and Means by Which It Hat Been Advanced. London, 1610.
 
 
Please note: In the examples above, the publisher is also unknown, which is why you only see the city listed.

 

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