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Turabian Citation Style Guide 9th Edition: A. Interviews & Personal Communications

About Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, the general form and specific examples will be provided for the Notes-Bibliography style options of Turabian.

This information and several of the examples were drawn from A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (9th Edition). Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

For further information, please ask your instructor or refer to the Turabian manual.

Interviews & Personal Communications

For Notes-Bibliography style, cite interviews in the notes and only include it in the bibliography if it is vital to your argument. Include the name of person being interviewed, name of the person conducting the interview, location and date of the interview, and location of the transcripts if applicable. To cite conversations, e-mails, text messages, include the name of the person, type of communication, and date (17.6.2). For information on how to handle anonymous interviews, see section 17.6.1 of the Manual.


General Format


Superscript Note Number. First Name Last Name of Interviewee, interview by Name of Interviewer, Location of Interview, Date.


7  David Shields, interview by author, Seattle, February 15, 2011.


8  Steven Tyler, e-mail message to author, June 28, 2013.



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