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Turabian Citation Style Guide 9th Edition: D. Scriptural References

About Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, the general form and specific examples will be provided for the Notes-Bibliography style options of Turabian.

This information and several of the examples were drawn from A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (9th Edition). Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

For further information, please ask your instructor or refer to the Turabian manual.

Scriptural References

When citing the Bible and other sacred religious works, include a footnote, endnote, or parenthetical note and omit including a reference in the bibliography or reference list. Use abbreviations for the name of the book, include chapter and verse numbers, and omit page numbers. Use Arabic numbers for chapters and verses and separate them with a colon. See the Manual for information about citing from different versions (17.8.2).

Identify the version you are using in your first citation with either the spelled-out name or an accepted abbreviation (see 24.6.4), because books and numbering differ among versions of the scripture.


General Format

Superscript Note Number. Abbreviated Name of Book. Chapter Number: Verse Number.




2 1 Thess. 4:10 (ERV).
3 2 Kings 11:8 (New Revised Standard Version).
4 1 Cor. 6:1-10 (NAB).
5 1 Thess. 4:11, 5:2-5, 5:14.

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