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Turabian Citation Style Guide 9th Edition: E. Secondary Sources

About Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, the general form and specific examples will be provided for the Notes-Bibliography style options of Turabian.

This information and several of the examples were drawn from A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (9th Edition). Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

For further information, please ask your instructor or refer to the Turabian manual.

Secondary Sources

Good practice in research is to only use quotations from sources that you have viewed in the original form so that you can verify their accuracy. However, when the original source is unavailable (i.e. unpublished manuscript), researchers may need to include the quotation as it is found in a secondary source. This is done by using the terms "quoted in" and then listing the secondary source information in the citation (17.9.3).

General Format

Superscript Note Number. Author First Name/Initial Last Name, "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article," JournalTitle: Journal Subtitle Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX, quoted in First Name of Author Last Name of Author of Secondary Source, Title of Source: Subtile of Source. (Place of Publication: Publisher Name, YEAR), Page Numbers.
Bibliographic Entry:
Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article," Journal TitleJournal Subtitle Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX. Quoted in, First Name Last Name of Author of Secondary Source,Title of Source: Subtile of Source. Place of Publication: Publisher Name, YEAR.


8 Louis Zukofsky, "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981). 78.

Bibliographic Entry:
Zukofsky, Louis. "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269. Quoted in  Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1981.

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