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Turabian Citation Style Guide 9th Edition: L. Unavailable Facts of Publication

About Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, the general form and specific examples will be provided for the Notes-Bibliography style options of Turabian.

This information and several of the examples were drawn from A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (9th Edition). Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

For further information, please ask your instructor or refer to the Turabian manual.

Facts of Publication

The facts of publication usually include three elements: the place (city) of publication, the publisher's name, and the date (year) of publication (Section 17.1.6). 

Unknown Place of Publication

When the place of publication is not know use the abbreviation n.p. in a footnote (or N.p. in a bibliography entry) before the publisher's name.

Unknown Publisher

When the publisher is unknown, use just the place (if known) and date of publication.

Unknown Publication Date

When the publication date cannot be determined use the abbreviation n.d. in place of the year. If you believe you know the date, add it in brackets with a question mark [9999?] to indicate uncertainty.

Self-Published

When the book has been self-published it may be noted as printed by the author in a footnote (or Self-published in the bibliography entry).

 

General Format

 
Footnote:
1 Superscript Note Number(space) Author First Name/Initial Last Name, Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #(s).
 
Unknown Place of Publication
2 Superscript Note Number(space) Author First Name/Initial Last Name, Book Title: Subtitle (n.p.: Publisher, Year), page #(s).
 
Unknown Publisher
3 Superscript Note Number(space) Author First Name/Initial Last Name, Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Year), page #(s).
 
Unknown Publication Date
4 Superscript Note Number(space) Author First Name/Initial Last Name, Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, n.d), page #(s).
 
Self-Published
5 Superscript Note Number(space) Author First Name/Initial Last Name, Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: printed by the author, Year), page #(s).
 
Bibliographic Entry:
Author Last Name, First Name or Initial. Book Title: Subtitle. Publisher: Place of Publication, Year. (Always use hanging indents for bibliography entries.)
 
Unknown Place of Publication
Author Last Name, First Name or Initial. Book Title: Subtitle. N.p.: Publisher, Year.
 
Unknown Publisher
Author Last Name, First Name or Initial. Book Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Year.
 
Unknown Publication Date
Author Last Name, First Name or Initial. Book Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, [9999?].
 
Self-Published
Author Last Name, First Name or Initial. Book Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Self-published, Year.
 

Examples

 
Footnote:
 
1 Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me (New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2015), 122-23.
 
Unknown Place of Publication
2 Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me (n.p.: Spiegel & Grau, 2015), 122-23.
 
Unknown Publisher
3 Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me (New York: 2015), 122-23.
 
Unknown Publication Date
4 Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me (New York: Spiegel & Grau, n.d.), 122-23.
 
Self-Published
5 Ta-Nehisi Coates, Between the World and Me (New York: printed by the author, 2015), 122-23.
 
Bibliographic Entry:
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. New York: Spiegel & Grau, 2015. (Always use hanging indents for bibliography entries.)
 
Unknown Place of Publication
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. N.p.: Spiegel & Grau, 2015.
 
Unknown Publisher
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. New York: 2015.
 
Unknown Publication Date
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. New York: Spiegel & Grau, [2014?].
OR
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. New York: printed by the author, 2015.
 
Self-Published
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. New York: Self-published, 2015.
OR
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. New York: printed by the author, 2015.

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